Shiitake boil for 5 minutes.
Pour dried shiitake mushrooms with water (50 grams of dried mushrooms 1 liter of water) for 1-2 hours, then boil in the same water for 3-4 minutes.
Frozen shiitake, without defrosting, put in cold water, boil and after boiling water, cook for 3 minutes.
How to cook shiitake soup
Dry shiitake mushrooms – 25 grams
Rice noodles – half the package
Chicken breast – 250 grams
Vegetable broth – 2 liters
Butter – 30 grams
Bulgarian pepper – half
Carrot – 1 piece
Ground ginger – 0.5 tablespoons
Miso paste – 50 grams
How to cook soup with shiitake mushrooms
1. Soak shiitake mushrooms in a saucepan with water for 5 hours, changing the water after 2 hours. If shiitake has a very strong smell, then change the water every 1.5 hours.
2. Cut the shiitake mushrooms into pieces, finely chop the legs; put the pan on the fire and bring the water to a boil, cook for 20 minutes.
3. While the shiitake is cooking, peel and cut the carrots very thinly.
4. Wash, peel and finely chop the pepper.
5. Wash the chicken breast, cut into strips.
6. Melt butter in a frying pan; fry the prepared chicken breast.
7. Add to broth: chicken breast, vegetables and mushrooms.
8. Boil the soup for 15 minutes.
9. Season the soup with miso paste and ground ginger.
10. Boil the noodles separately.
11. Put the noodles in the soup, cook for 3 minutes.
12. After the end of cooking, leave the soup for 10 minutes.
Shiitake are originally forest mushrooms. In natural forests, they grow on trees (maple, alder, oak) in China and Japan. Shiitake especially loves the chestnut tree (shii) – hence the name. For a peculiar pattern on the hat, it is also called “flower shiitake”.
Currently, shiitake is produced on an industrial scale, using the adaptability of the fungus to artificial conditions of soil and light. Fresh shiitake is usually grown on special farms in Russia. But dried mushrooms are sold in portioned packages that are brought from China or Japan. There are even technologies for growing shiitake in country conditions.
Dried shiitake should be soaked in water before cooking: it is important that the degree of drying and the size of the mushrooms can vary, so the soaking time can be up to several hours. Determining the readiness of shiitake for cooking is simple: if the mushroom is soft, but elastic, and easily cut with a knife, then it can be cooked.
Fresh raw shiitake mushrooms have a characteristic woody smell and a peculiar, slightly sour taste. The smell of shiitake may differ depending on the technology of its cultivation, if the smell is very strong, it can be removed by soaking the mushrooms in several waters and cooking with spices. Dried mushrooms have a stronger smell that subsides when cooked. In cooking, mushroom caps are more often used, since the legs are harsh. If you want to cook the legs, chop them smaller and put them in a saucepan for 10 minutes before you start cooking the hats.
Shiitake is a miracle mushroom!
The beneficial properties of shiitake have been known since ancient times. The mushroom has been widely used in Chinese medicine since the 14th century. And the first mention of this product dates back to 199 BC. e. Due to its universal medicinal properties, it has earned the title of “king of mushrooms” in China and Japan. Shiitake is used both in folk medicine and as part of various medicines aimed at treating infectious, cardiovascular diseases, malignant neoplasms and many others.
The substance responsible for the universal medicinal properties of shiitake is lentinan (a polysaccharide that is now included in almost all drugs used to treat malignant tumors).
The cost of dried shiitake mushrooms is 273 rubles. per 150 grams (on average in Moscow as of June 2017), the price of fresh shiitake is 1800 rubles / 1 kilogram.
The use of shiitake has contraindications . In allergy sufferers, shiitake mushroom can cause allergies in the form of skin rashes. You can not use shiitake and preparations based on it for people with kidney disease, impaired salt metabolism, patients with bronchial asthma, pregnant women and children under the age of twelve.